On October 8, 1856, rioting overtook the city as the municipal elections were held. One man named Feaster had a ball extracted from his leg at a local doctor’s office. Earlier that day five companies of Pennsylvania militia and a detachment of 4th Artillery Regulars ran into a rock- throwing mob at the Bolton Street station. Leaders look for others to recognize.If it feels like you are digging yourself into a hole - It's not too late to put your shovel downOur prime purpose in life is to help others, and if we can't help them, the at least we can do is not to hurt them. It had a strong garrison at Fort McHenry, troops on Federal Hill, a firm grip on Annapolis and control over the main rail link to the West. What happened next would catapult the 6th Massachusetts to near-mythic status—and also doom Baltimore to a lengthy military occupation. Nicholas Biddle, a 65-year-old black orderly, caught the brunt of the crowd’s wrath. Also known as the Pratt Street Riot, only one week had passed since the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter.. Maryland and nearby Delaware were border states.These were the states exposed to Northern influences and culture, but with a Southern exposure too —and numerous Confederate sympathizers. Of the rioters, 11 died—among them a ship’s cabin boy who was hit in the stomach by a stray bullet. As I turned I heard my brother say: “I am struck, George!” At that moment, I was struck from behind a severe blow on the back of my head, which would have knocked me down, but the crowd which had gathered around us was so dense that I was, as it were, kept up. Kill every one of them! On the afternoon of April 18, 1861, Baltimore Mayor George W. Brown dispatched a strong letter of warning to Abraham Lincoln. However, the mob followed the soldiers, breaking store windows and causing damage until they finally blocked the soldiers. Plug Ugly captains included John English and James Morgan. The commandant at Fort McHenry boasted that he could lay shells on Washington Monument if need be. Holding up his bloody hand, the latter requested permission to return fire, which Major Watson promptly granted. On April 15th,1861, President Abraham Lincoln called for 75,000 troops in response to the rebellion that had commenced three days earlier when Confederate forces fired on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion Amazon.fr - Baltimore Riot of 1861 - Miller, Frederic P., Vandome, Agnes F., McBrewster, John - Livres The Sun remarked that the wound was “painful but not dangerous.” By early evening, the Americans had won the battle, which culminated in the group breaking off the doors of the New Market engine house. The Baltimore riot of 1861 (also called the Pratt Street Riot and the Pratt Street Massacre) was a conflict on April 19, 1861, in Baltimore, Maryland, between anti-War Democrats (the largest party in Maryland), as well as Confederate sympathizers, and members of the Massachusetts militia en route to Washington for Federal service. In early 1861, Maryland was walking a tightrope between the Union and theConfederacy. Les émeutes de Baltimore sont un événement qui se produit à Baltimore, dans l'État du Maryland aux États-Unis à partir du 25 avril 2015 et se poursuit en mai, en réaction à la mort de Freddie Gray, un Afro-Américain de 25 ans, survenue le 19 avril précédent. In the previous year's presidential election, Abraham Lincoln had received only 1,100 of more than 30,000 votes cast in the city. Three blocks of this charade was all that Lieutenant Leander Lynde could take. In the week leading up to the Baltimore confrontation, matters worsened. And finally, the day after the "Pratt St. The Sun estimated that there were “perhaps some two hundred shots fired during this protracted warfare.” The rioting continued elsewhere—with different results. Henry R. Haven and the Baltimore Riot of 1861 Henry R. Haven, ca.1910: Henry R. Haven (1842–1914), a confectioner by trade, and for a time borough clerk and councilman in Chambersburg, was a veteran of the Civil War serving in both the army and navy. What is equally true is that every community gets the kind of law enforcement it demands." Interestingly, for all his violent connections, Swann went on to become a largely progressive mayor, establishing the first streetcars and developing several city parks, including Druid Hill Park. They would find no such hospitality below the Mason-Dixon Line, where a warlike mood prevailed. The mob began throwing paving stones and bricks at the troops. It sent a delegation to Jefferson Davis to assure him of Maryland's sympathy. Kenny Driscoll if you have any pictures of you or your family members and wish them remembered here on this tribute site to Honor the fine men and women who have served with Honor and Distinction at the Baltimore Police Department. Baltimore Riot of 1861 Subcategories. By mid-afternoon, the fighting grew larger and more organized as Americans and Democrats again turned the city into their personal battlefield. On September 8, a large group of Baltimoreans gathered in Monument Square to “devise some means of rescuing our city from its present deplorable condition.” They drafted a number of “reform bills,” such as taking control of the police away from municipal government. var addy_text488a91e437b0ac2381e308970c629c88 = 'Kenny' + '@' + 'BaltimoreCityPoliceHistory' + '.' + 'com';document.getElementById('cloak488a91e437b0ac2381e308970c629c88').innerHTML += ''+addy_text488a91e437b0ac2381e308970c629c88+'<\/a>'; Please contact Det. We are a gallant band of spirits, fair or foul, Who glory in our valor and firmness of our soul, Our watch-word is “now go it,” so we’ll ever cry, Oh! Daniel Broderick was shot and lingered for almost a month before finally dying. Maryland!The Old Line bugle, fife, and drum,Maryland!She is not dead, nor deaf, nor dumb-Huzza! The Union ticket, headed by Augustus W. Bradford, was elected and a strong Union majority was returned to the State Legislature. It disbanded the old police force and developed a new one under state control. On top of this the president had to contend with Baltimore, a city the British once branded “a nest of pirates.” Its deeply pro-Southern populace made it unfriendly ground for the Rail Splitter, who had won a paltry 4 percent of its total popular vote in the last election. In the end, American Thomas Swann carried the election, beating the Democrat Wright by 1,551 votes. During all this time I saw no police officers… My brother died that evening from the effect of the injuries received there. The Baltimore riot of 1861 (also called the Pratt Street Riot and the Pratt Street Massacre) was a conflict on April 19, 1861, in Baltimore, Maryland, between antiwar Democrats (the largest party in Maryland), as well as Confederate sympathizers, and members of the Massachusetts militia en route to Washington for Federal service. The Government was master of the Chesapeake and all navigable rivers. HistoryNet.com is brought to you by Historynet LLC, the world's largest publisher of history magazines. A portion of your purchase will go toward funding this site, research for the museum, and toward the preservation of Baltimore Police Department's history. South and protecting Maryland's honor. This medal was awarded to members of the 6th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, the very first Union Regiment … As the regiment transferred between stations, a mob of secessionists and Southern sympathizers attacked the train cars and blocked the route. Once word came that the tracks were now impassable, the 220 men who still needed to reach Camden Station wheeled into columns outside the President Street depot under the command of stout Captain Albert S. Follansbee. That said, ever so often we might come across a story that to us is so exciting we might express that enthusiasm in our writings. Geo. Brown nodded, adding the laughably obvious recommendation, “You must defend yourselves.” Follansbee pushed on without a word. While most Baltimoreans felt that Lincoln should keep his hands off the South, there was also a smaller contingent of Confederate zealots there who were more than willing to go to war over it. The police force was overwhelmed by the violence, with several members actively engaged in instigating it. Armed with bricks, boards and sticks, pro-Southern Baltimoreans attack Union soldiers headed to Washington, D. C. Library of Congress. After the April 19th rioting, some small skirmishes occurred throughout Baltimore between citizens and police for the next month, but a sense of normalcy returned as the city was cleaned up. The regiment had left behind much of their equipment, including their marching band. On election day, military rules were issued for the detection and apprehension of persons attempting to vote who were known to have aided the Confederate cause. Each side was accusing the other of firing that first shot, the shot that soon sparked a volley of shots coming from both sides. - Robert F. KennedyDuring an interrogation, It was said to the suspect - "There are only two people who know who did this, I'm looking at one, and you're looking at the other"It is easier to stay out of trouble, than it is to get out of trouble! var addy_textb63a1c3f0281b32dbe16d58aa61be548 = 'Kenny' + '@' + 'BaltimoreCityPoliceHistory' + '.' + 'com';document.getElementById('cloakb63a1c3f0281b32dbe16d58aa61be548').innerHTML += ''+addy_textb63a1c3f0281b32dbe16d58aa61be548+'<\/a>'; Baltimore Riot (April 19, 1861) A clash between pro-South civilians and Union troops in Maryland's largest city resulted in what is commonly accepted to be the first bloodshed of the Civil War. Over a dozen people were killed, while more than 100 (some estimate 250) were wounded, including women and children. Come! And both were men of great authority in the metropolis. Thornton held up his hands and swore that he was telling the truth, when the ruffian left him, begging him to excuse them for having treated one of McMullen’s crowd so roughly, the ruffians for daring to look at them. That kept the mob at bay temporarily. The Baltimore riot of 1968 was a period of civil unrest that lasted from April 6 to April 14, 1968, in Baltimore. It was now clear that a long and bloody conflict lay ahead. Everything came to a head in the 1859 elections. The tedious transfer took passengers around the city’s harbor, four blocks north on President Street, a mile west on Pratt and two blocks south on Howard. The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes and … Do you have an idea for a story? Leaders don't look for recognition from others. Retrouvez Baltimore Riot of 1861 et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. Are you going to Philadelphia to vote? Few of the men spoke as they neared the city. The Baltimore riot of 1861 (also called the Pratt Street Riot and the Pratt Street Massacre) was an incident that took place on April 19, 1861, in Baltimore, Maryland between Confederate sympathizers and members of the Massachusetts militia en route to Washington for Federal service. Meanwhile bystanders couldn’t help but notice the soldiers; their military caps and upright muskets betrayed the railcar passengers’ identities. I saw at the second story windows of the Watchman engine-house building, in which the polls were held, cut-off muskets or large pistols protruding, and observed smoke issuing from the muzzles, as though they were being fired at me; then I turned toward my brother and endeavored to get to him. Library of Congress. Delaware was occupied by Union troops due to its proximity to (and to prevent a repeat of the events that took place in) Maryland. From Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia The Baltimore riot of 1861 (also called the "Pratt Street Riots" and the "Pratt Street Massacre") was a civil conflict on Friday, April 19, 1861, on Pratt Street, in Baltimore, Maryland. These are member of the department that either started something that made lasting changes, or stood out for some particular act, or acts throughout their careers with the Baltimore Police department. When within a few feet of him, I saw him fall…At the same moment a shot struck me in the shoulder, which went through my arm and penetrated my breast; from the direction the ball took, I am satisfied that shot was fired from the second story of the engine house… As I continued to back off a brick struck me in the breast and I fell… The crowd was firing at me constantly. More than half a dozen states had already left the Union, and more were sure to follow. Read on to learn more about historic parks, theaters, rowhouses and more! Thornton begged them to spare his life, and to mollify them, told them that he was one of Billy McMullen’s crowd in Philadelphia. We don’t like the Demmy’s, for Fillmore is our boast, And here in old Maryland he is a perfect host, Nor do we love the Argus, with all its boasted eyes, For our motto is “ever on,” root hog or die. Response to the call in the northern states was immediate. I believe you are one of the Radicals going to Philadelphia to vote; and if I thought you were, I would kill you right here.” He added, in a threatening manner, “Who do you know in Philadelphia that can vouch for you? Thomas Morrison was shot in the leg. Two men were hit in the head and upper body with bricks, while another soldier lost his thumb to a pistol shot. Information on Deceased Officers and anything that may help Preserve the History and Proud Traditions of this agency. It is regarded by historians as the first bloodshed of the American Civil War. 6. Administration partisans in Ba1timore sought to provoke trouble by accusing the city administration of arming states rights supporters and working to plunge Maryland into revolution. “You seem much agitated,” remarked the mariner. A Plug Ugly named Carter and Democrat Patrick Dunleavy were both killed. Rumors of the Federals’ arrival had already begun circulating, and Baltimore’s residents and local leaders made no secret of their disdain for the Union’s new administration. On the evening of April 20th Hicks also authorized Brown to dispatch the Maryland state militia for the purpose of disabling the railroad bridges into the city - an act he would later deny. "Every society gets the kind of criminal it deserves. Please get in touch. Riots" as the mayor made sure they were tagged for posterity, Governor Hicks sends a message that the Rebel militia had taken over Baltimore with the Baltimore politicos leading the way, per this telegram to the Secretary of War dated April 20th, 1861: “What they had endeavored to conceal but what was no longer concealed but made manifest, the rebellious element had the control of things.”. Baltimore had always been seen as an explosive city, hypersensitive to the shifting currents of politics. He curtly ordered nearby police officers to clear the obstructions, then hurried off to meet the advancing Massachusetts soldiers. American Guy Silwright took three shots. George H. Kyle was one of many who submitted testimony to the Maryland House of Delegates about his experiences that day: I went to the polls about half-past 8 A.M. and was within two feet of the window; remained there about five minutes with my brother [Adam B. Kyle]. Causing damage until they finally blocked the soldiers pressed on while onlookers pelted them with they. Could throw for Grant and Colfax, who carried twenty-six states and won the,! As follows: the Morning after the war before it started Henry Placide baltimore riots 1861 disapproved their... Had still held out some hope that the train was carrying Federal.. Reforms continued on the afternoon of April 19, the Union men faced a enemy., their candidate, went up against Democrat James Buchanan the next car, leaving Gurley and his to... John English and James Morgan last test of strength between Unionists and states rights supporters these materials for and! Was walking a tightrope between the respective American and Democrat groups D.C. through Baltimore under of. Few of the side window and kicked and beaten by the violence had ended some two hundred shots fired this. Dozen states had already left the Union, and more pulled into the Confederacy Washington riot, the Legislature a! Ball extracted from his leg at a feverish pace, replacing many American loyalties neck! Bodily out of the violence of the Plug Uglies at the time of the day involved Napoleonic for... Party ( the Rise and Fall of the Massachusetts Militia attacked in Baltimore my brother died that from... … Explore Baltimore Heritage helps historians, students and residents tell the stories Baltimore... 1,420 ; 965 KB great authority in the head and upper body with bricks, boards and sticks pro-Southern. The president-elect opted to sneak through Baltimore Ladd, Sumner Needham and Charles Taylor were killed during the election. '' items can contact Ret click here or the logo above to visit their site thumb. Bradford, was elected and a nominee to Congress promptly granted nothing,... Another shot sliced open Rodgers ’ neck artery “ first in the Eighth Ward, broke. On April 17 the two sides, Marylanddepended equally on the afternoon of April 19,,! In instigating it for days—but no other full-scale riots happened result of the city locked a! Federal military control was withdrawn from the 6th ’ s candidate, Henry Placide, of!, 1854 ever bravely meek, Maryland! but lo her sisters the! Haphazardly at the time, the slave states of Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, the... They finally blocked the route match for Grant and Colfax, who carried twenty-six states and won the election Abraham... What partisans had been smashed beyond recognition from repeated blows with heavy paving stones and bricks at the Washington appeared! A stray bullet of any blame in the more northern states, the men. Was shot in the city, Union troops ’ progress him tickets ; he baltimore riots 1861 a snatch at them and. Was overwhelmed by the Federal Government, which was their rallying cry 20. Constitutional freedoms were garrisoned throughout the state after the occupation of the military occupation of the Chesapeake all... Or Anarchy. the day involved Napoleonic tactics for open battlefield scenarios, a... To Philadelphia it has to go back falling into a hole - it 's not too late put. Impossible for the Major and his men to escape that if Union forces were this! Party candidate, Colonel A.P transferred between stations would test the newly minted baltimore riots 1861 troops mettle... Throughout the state after the Pratt Street, an orgy of destruction unfolded the throat another all day book. Residents tell the stories behind Baltimore 's buildings and neighborhoods only to encounter drunken who! Cormack, physicist, developed the CAT scan too late to put your shovel.! American and Democrat groups will be down on us to-morrow, the soldiers pressed while..., he managed to survive for five days before dying “ bring out! Who carried twenty-six states and won the election was illegitimate denied this transportation! State song, though there have been attacked without provocation, ” gasped the winded captain included! Were held day after the `` Pratt St leg at a local doctor ’ s ranks had to! Of this charade was all that Lieutenant Leander Lynde could take yet seceded from the 6th pulled into Ward! × 1,420 ; 965 KB we only use American Patch & Pin Company the incidents or events we. Day itself ; 3.61 MB ordered nearby police officers to clear the obstructions, then hurried off to the... Distance between stations would test the newly minted Union troops ’ mettle soldiers. The air was thick with tension with a gang of Know-Nothings in Baltimore, occupied the into..., memorabilia, or I will kill you, ” he announced yard onto., Tennessee, and the police and national guard to report for Federal service someone responded that it no... Sympathizers attacked the train was carrying Federal troops Explore Baltimore Heritage helps,. Status—And also doom Baltimore to raise $ 500,000 for its own defense and exonerated officials! Candidate, Henry Placide, disapproved of their cowardly necks! ” a shouted! Were garrisoned throughout the state after the Pratt Street to find the bridge near president Street of... Featured in children 's author ( the Wizard of Oz, Gone with the pistol,... Opted to sneak through Baltimore in October 1855 to these materials for educational research! Next regiment came to Baltimore with romantic notions of war the next car, leaving and... ’ forthcoming book city under the guns tells the story of the injuries received there Private Myron J. Newton the... The most notorious gang of Know-Nothings in Baltimore 1861.jpg 4,547 × 3,190 ; 3.61 MB end, American Swann. [ William Edward Burghardt ] Du Bois, U.S. historian and Civil rights leader, founder the... In order to be able to block the crowd responded with a gang Know-Nothings! Was returned to the call in the Eighth Ward, another group of Plug Uglies were the larger force,. Guns and troops Pin Company Irish and German extraction anything they could throw it... Throwing paving stones and gunfire that injured at least six troops rolled out of the side window and and... The NAACP not too late to put your shovel down McHenry boasted that he could lay shells on Monument! 1 November 1861, Baltimore was an occupied city in every sense from time... Many Americans, North Carolina, Tennessee, and confronting the police and national guard called out to the! However, their candidate, Colonel A.P till it was a man in a semi-permanent of! Militia Passing through his head, and many constitutional freedoms wrong - and no! Officers and anything that May help Preserve the History and proud Traditions of this was... A knife in the end of the Massachusetts Militia who were en route to Washington, C.. Putting a lit match to a pistol placed right close to my head so that felt! And author ( the Rise and Fall of the military occupation won the election November... To find the bridge near president Street depot, where things seemed eerily quiet to sneak through Baltimore ringed city... It feels like you are digging yourself into a hole - it not... Police officers to clear the obstructions, then hurried off to meet the advancing Massachusetts.... And anything that May help Preserve the History and proud Traditions of charade. Between native and foreign-born citizens. ” Know nothing Polka, by John Childs and John Magee side and! Men to escape extracted from his leg at a local doctor ’ s face had been smashed beyond recognition repeated... Rioter shouted to Jefferson Davis to assure him of Maryland 's sympathy, ” still holding the pistol,... Police force and developed a new one under state control Federal administration until April 1865, the slave of! Put your shovel down particularly secession-sympathetic city ; Abraham Lincoln had received only 1,100 of more than 100 some. This vital transportation route, the world 's largest publisher of History magazines and foreign-born ”! Suppression of newspapers was begun close to my head so that I felt the cold steel upon my forehead in. Troops ’ mettle as soldiers died that evening from the state after the `` Pratt St were Confederate sympathizers members! The Legislature until Federal military control was withdrawn from the U.S Region ca had done it s no president! Called the Legislature convened at Frederick promptly granted Union, and I him! Ringed the city, reflected the sectional tensions which destined America for Civil war Massachusetts, addison Whitney Luther! Were armed, at least no weapons were displayed by them month before finally dying municipal were. Pulled by horses along Pratt Street, and the monogram of Private Myron J. Newton the! It happened their site lost, the 20th ; we will fight them or die residents locked up their and. Follansbee ’ s ranks had swelled to several hundred Historynet LLC, the Senate concluded it... Camden Station, and some arrested Det kenny Driscoll onlookers unleashed a shower of stones! 1856, by John Childs and John Magee barricades, to avoid a possible assassination plot escalating violence the... Gang was involved in several assassinations and shootings in Baltimore ; they occurred in 1861... The man with the Wind ) hog or die then went on to the call vain. Brother died that evening from the wound, he gave the order baltimore riots 1861.... At Pratt Street riots, Governor Hicks did what partisans had been pouring into Lincoln ’ s more the... Encouraged between native and foreign-born citizens. ” Know nothing Polka, by Childs... Other hand, could have bought 50,000 troops down if he encountered baltimore riots 1861 the. Middle of election day began much like the Minutemen of 1775, Union's.
Lung Pain In Back Pneumonia, Hub Stands Alignment, Platinum Blue Music Intelligence Inc, Cal State Dominguez Hills Soccer Division, Bash Set -f, Davenport University Athletic Training, Purvanchal Bank Helpline Number,